India Population Statistics 2021

India Population Statistics 2021

India, the country that holds the greater part of South Asia and is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a rich cultural heritage. It represents a highly diverse population consisting of many ethnic groups and several languages. One-fifth of the world’s total population is from India and that makes it the second most populous country only next to China.

According to the data provided by United Nations, Population of India in 2021 is estimated to be 1.39 Billion with a growth rate of 1.2%. The birth rate is 18.2 births/1000 population and the death rate is 7.3 deaths/1000 population.

The population of India doubled to 1.2 billion between 1975 and 2010 and reaching the billion mark in 1998. India is set to become the world’s most populous country by 2024 surpassing China. In 2030, the population is estimated to be 1.5 billion and set to reach 1.7 billion by 2050.

There were many figures from different source for the population of India in 2021. The data was researched from a host of different institutions, who had used their own methodologies to arrive at their figures.

The figures are listed from different sources in the following table.

United Nations1,393,409,000 (1.39b)2021
Countrymeters.info1,396,035,447 (1.39b)2021
Worldometers.info1,391,233,372 (1.39b)2021
Statista.com1,395,570,000 (1.39b)2021
Worldpopulationreview.com1,390,952,684 (1.39b)2021
Populationpyramid.net1,393,409,032 (1.39b)2021

Population Growth of India per decade

Census yearPopulationChange (%)
2021 Est.1,39,34,09,00015.1

As of 2011, the Census of India has been conducted 15 times. It is undertaken every 10 years. The 16th Indian Census will be held this year in 2021. After that, we will get to know the exact and official population figure declared by the Indian government.

In 2011, the official population is 1,21,07,26,932 with 17.7% growth rate. The estimated population in the year 2021 is 1,39,34,09,000 with a growth of 15.1%. The growth rate seems to show a decreasing trend in the past few decades. The reason for the decline is due to rising education levels, reduction of poverty and growing urbanization.

Male and Female Population in India 2021

724 million669 million

In 2021, males make up 51.96% of the population at 724 million while the number of females accounts for 48.04% of the total population at 669 million. That makes the gender split at 52% male – 48% female.

Age-wise Population of India in 2021

Age GroupPopulationPercentage
0-14 years359,208,59625.78%
15-24 years249,366,77617.90%
25-34 years231,238,53116.60%
35-44 years197,669,74914.19%
45-54 years151,250,11310.85%
55-64 years110,262,2787.91%
65 years and over94,412,9886.78%

Around 75% of the population in India is below the age of 44. The majority of the Indian population falls in the age group of 0 to 24 years. This accounts for a staggering 608 million. No other country may have more younger men and women. This is followed by the 25-44 age group which numbers 429 million. A large part of this can be attributed to the population of younger men and women who fall in this age category.


Disclaimer: The data research report we present here is based on information found from various sources. We are not liable for any financial loss, errors, or damages of any kind that may result from the use of the information herein. We acknowledge that though we try to report accurately, we cannot verify the absolute facts of everything that has been represented.