India Population Statistics 2023 | Current Population of India

India Population Statistics 2023 | Current Population of India

India, the country that holds the greater part of South Asia and is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a rich cultural heritage. It represents a highly diverse population consisting of many ethnic groups and several languages. One-fifth of the world’s total population is from India, and that makes it the second most populous country, only next to China.

Today, India is one of the most populous countries in the world, with a total population of 1.4 billion people. Since 1901, when its population was just under 190 million, it has grown almost tenfold to overtake China as well as more than double its own size. In fact, India is projected to be home to 1.7 billion people by 2050—that’s almost equal to China’s present population.

According to the data provided by United Nations, Population of India in 2023 is estimated to be 1,417,170,000 with a growth rate of 1.15%. The birth rate is 18.2 births/1000 population and the death rate is 7.3 deaths/1000 population.

The population of India doubled to 1.2 billion between 1975 and 2010 and reaching the billion mark in 1998. India is set to become the world’s most populous country by 2024 surpassing China. In 2030, the population is estimated to be 1.5 billion and set to reach 1.7 billion by 2050.

Population Growth in India

India’s population is growing at an alarming rate, and it’s currently the second most populous country in the world, with 1.3 billion people living there. By 2023, India’s population will rise to 1.4 billion and be on track to surpass China as the most populous country in the world by 2030, according to World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. This massive increase in the Indian population has some people worried about India’s ability to provide jobs and healthcare to its people, while also preserving their culture and environment.

Over the next decade, India’s population is expected to increase by more than the total population of countries like Australia, Canada, and South Africa. Between 2019 and 2023, India’s population will increase by almost 164 million people to reach 1.51 billion people in total. This rapid growth will make India the second most populous country in the world after China, which has almost four times as many people as India as of 2017. According to data from the United Nations Population Division, India’s estimated population at the end of 2023 will be 1,518,187,674 people. Here’s a closer look at India’s population statistics for 2023.

India Population Statistics 2023

There were many figures from different source for the current population of India in 2023. The data was researched from a host of different institutions, who had used their own methodologies to arrive at their figures.

Current Population of India

The present population of India figures are listed from different sources in the following table.

SourcesCurrent PopulationYear
United Nations1,417,170,000 (1.41b)2023
Countrymeters.info1,419,871,882 (1.41b)2023
Worldometers.info1,409,972,268 (1.40b)2023
Statista.com1,405,220,000 (1.40b)2023
Worldpopulationreview.com1,417,502,765 (1.41b)2023
Populationpyramid.net1,406,631,781 (1.40b)2023

Population Growth of India per decade

India is currently home to 1.40 billion people, and that number is expected to rise to 1,518,187,674 by the end of 2023. Because of fertility trends and changes in life expectancy, growth of India’s population is projected to decelerate slightly over that period, but not enough to make a big dent in its lead as home to more people than any other country on Earth. China and Nigeria are close behind India in population size, with each home to around 1.3 billion people in 2017; both countries are expected to have close to 1.4 billion by 2023.

Census yearPopulationChange (%)
2023 Est.1,417,170,00015.1

As of 2011, the Census of India has been conducted 15 times. It is undertaken every 10 years. The 16th Indian Census will be held this year in 2023. After that, we will get to know the exact and official population figure declared by the Indian government.

In 2011, the official population is 1,21,07,26,932 with 17.7% growth rate. The estimated population in the year 2023 is 1,417,170,000 with a growth of 15.1%. The growth rate seems to show a decreasing trend in the past few decades. The reason for the decline is due to rising education levels, reduction of poverty and growing urbanization.

Male and Female Population in India 2023

730 million675 million

In 2023, males make up 51.95% of the population at 730 million, while the number of females accounts for 48.05% of the total population at 675 million. That makes the gender split at 52% male – 48% female.

Age-wise Population of India in 2023

Age GroupPopulationPercentage
0-14 years356,733,45425.36%
15-24 years250,203,11617.78%
25-34 years232,900,68316.55%
35-44 years201,729,26614.34%
45-54 years154,403,71110.97%
55-64 years112,571,0628.00%
65 years and over98,090,4896.97%

Around 74% of the population in India is below the age of 44. The majority of the Indian population falls in the age group of 0 to 24 years. This accounts for a staggering 607 million. No other country may have younger men and women. This is followed by the 25-44 age group, which numbers 434 million. A large part of this can be attributed to the population of younger men and women who fall in this age category.

History about the Indian population

Total Population of India from 1980 according to United Nations Data


Overpopulation in India

Overpopulation can be defined as a condition where an area’s population density exceeds its carrying capacity. When humans exceed their natural limits, they create problems for themselves and for other species. For example, when you have too many people using up limited resources like water or arable land, then shortages occur which cause conflict over these resources. Overpopulation also creates additional challenges when dealing with pollution and waste management because you have more individuals creating waste products that need to be dealt with safely or disposed of properly. Another consequence of overpopulation is habitat destruction – human populations tend to expand into areas already inhabited by animals who lose their homes and food sources due to our presence.

Ever since India gained independence from British rule in 1947, its population has ballooned. From 321 million people just before independence to 1.4 billion today, it is estimated that by 2023 a staggering 1.5 billion people will live there—making it one of only two countries in all of Asia with a population of more than 1 billion (the other being China). The causes are straightforward: fertility rates remain high, and its population continues to grow exponentially; other factors include greater female literacy and life expectancy, higher standards of living and increased urbanization.

Causes of Overpopulation in India

Understanding where population growth is taking place helps government organizations and aid agencies plan more effectively. It also gives us insight into how to manage a growing population. For example, health care resources are stretched thin in some parts of rural India because there aren’t enough doctors or nurses to serve large populations. The increase in population can be due to many factors, including: an increase in living standards and health care access, high fertility rates (children are seen as a source of pride, prosperity and security), industrialization, migration and globalization.

In addition, rapid urbanization means that people move from rural areas to cities looking for work. In India, women have children later in life than they did before—which is another factor contributing to population growth. Because of these factors, it’s hard to predict what will happen with population statistics in coming years. However, by understanding why population grows so quickly in certain areas—and what causes it to slow down—we can help better address issues like food insecurity and environmental degradation caused by overpopulation.

(Source: United Nations,


Disclaimer: The data research report we present here is based on information found from various sources. We are not liable for any financial loss, errors, or damages of any kind that may result from the use of the information herein. We acknowledge that though we try to report accurately, we cannot verify the absolute facts of everything that has been represented.